Who was lucretia garfield?

Lucretia Garfield, born on April 19, 1832, was an influential figure in American history as the wife of James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States. Beyond her role as the First Lady, Lucretia made significant contributions to society through her philanthropic work and advocacy for various causes. Her life was marked by personal tragedy, including her husband’s assassination, but she persevered and left a lasting legacy. Let’s delve into the life and accomplishments of Lucretia Garfield, a remarkable woman who played an important role in shaping the nation.

Early Life and Education

Lucretia Garfield was born Lucretia Rudolph on April 19, 1832, in Hiram, Ohio. She hailed from a middle-class family, and her father, Zeb Rudolph, worked as a farmer and weaver. Despite the limited opportunities for women at the time, Lucretia’s parents valued education and encouraged her intellectual pursuits. Lucretia attended Geauga Seminary, a school known for its strong academics, where she excelled in her studies.

Marriage and Family

Lucretia’s life took a momentous turn when she met James A. Garfield, a fellow student at Geauga Seminary. The two formed a deep connection, and their courtship continued even after James transferred to Williams College in Massachusetts. They eventually married on November 11, 1858, and settled in Hiram, Ohio. Lucretia and James had seven children together, and their family life was a source of joy and strength for both of them.

Role as the First Lady

Lucretia Garfield assumed the role of the First Lady of the United States when her husband, James A. Garfield, was inaugurated as the 20th President in March 1881. Although her time in the White House was cut short by tragedy, she made a significant impact during her tenure.

As the First Lady, Lucretia took her responsibilities seriously and brought her own unique style to the role. She was known for her graciousness, intelligence, and dedication to supporting her husband’s presidency. Lucretia hosted social events and receptions at the White House, showcasing her exceptional skills as a hostess.

Moreover, Lucretia was highly involved in political matters, offering advice and opinions to her husband. She was an astute observer of the political landscape and often provided valuable insights. Her presence and influence in the White House were highly regarded, and she played an active role in shaping the administration’s policies and decisions.

Philanthropic Work

Beyond her duties as the First Lady, Lucretia Garfield was deeply committed to philanthropic work and dedicated herself to various charitable causes. She championed educational initiatives, advocating for equal access to education for all, regardless of gender or social background.

Lucretia actively supported organizations that promoted women’s rights and worked to improve the lives of marginalized communities. She was passionate about the welfare of veterans and played a crucial role in advancing the rights and well-being of war widows and orphans.

One of Lucretia’s notable philanthropic endeavors was her involvement with the Red Cross. She was a founding member of the American Red Cross and played an instrumental role in its establishment, laying the foundation for the humanitarian organization that has provided relief and assistance to countless people in need.

Tragic Events and Widowhood

Tragedy struck the Garfield family just a few months into James A. Garfield’s presidency. In July 1881, James was shot by an assassin and succumbed to his injuries in September of the same year. Lucretia was devastated by the loss of her beloved husband and faced the immense challenge of coping with her grief while tending to her family and the nation’s mourning.

Despite the profound personal loss she endured, Lucretia demonstrated incredible strength and resilience. She continued to fulfill her duties as the First Lady during her husband’s illness and remained a pillar of support for her children and the American people in the aftermath of his passing.

Legacy and Impact

Lucretia Garfield’s legacy extends far beyond her role as the First Lady. Her contributions to education, philanthropy, and advocacy continue to inspire and influence generations.

Her commitment to education laid the groundwork for future advancements in the American education system. Lucretia’s support for women’s rights and her involvement in organizations like the Red Cross paved the way for progress in women’s empowerment and humanitarian efforts.

Lucretia’s life and experiences serve as a testament to resilience and fortitude in the face of adversity. Her unwavering dedication to public service and her enduring impact on American society make her an exemplary figure in history.


Lucretia Garfield, the wife of President James A. Garfield, left an indelible mark on American history. From her early life in Ohio to her role as the First Lady, Lucretia’s intelligence, compassion, and dedication were evident in every aspect of her life.

Despite enduring personal tragedy, Lucretia’s commitment to philanthropy and advocacy remained steadfast. Her work in education, women’s rights, and charitable causes continue to inspire generations to make a positive impact on society.

Lucretia Garfield’s legacy serves as a reminder of the power of resilience and compassion, and her contributions to the nation will forever be remembered and cherished.


What were Lucretia Garfield’s major accomplishments?

Lucretia Garfield’s major accomplishments include her philanthropic work, advocacy for education and women’s rights, and her instrumental role in the establishment of the American Red Cross.

How did Lucretia Garfield support her husband during his presidency?

Lucretia Garfield supported her husband, President James A. Garfield, by actively participating in political discussions, offering advice, and providing valuable insights. She also fulfilled her duties as the First Lady with grace and hosted social events at the White House.

Did Lucretia Garfield remarry after her husband’s death?

No, Lucretia Garfield did not remarry after her husband’s death. She devoted herself to raising their children and continued her philanthropic work.

Are there any books or documentaries about Lucretia Garfield’s life?

Yes, there are books and documentaries available that provide insights into Lucretia Garfield’s life. Some notable titles include “Lucretia Garfield: First Lady and Second Mother” by Mildred L. Beik and “Destiny of the Republic: A Tale of Madness, Medicine, and the Murder of a President” by Candice Millard.

What can we learn from Lucretia Garfield’s philanthropic work?

Lucretia Garfield’s philanthropic work teaches us the importance of compassion, advocacy, and making a positive impact on society. Her dedication to education, women’s rights, and humanitarian causes serves as an inspiration for individuals to contribute to the betterment of their communities.

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