What is ajwain in English?

Ajwain, also known as carom seeds or bishop’s weed, is a spice that holds an important place in Indian cuisine and traditional medicine. With its distinct aroma and unique flavor, ajwain adds depth and richness to a wide range of dishes. However, its benefits extend beyond the culinary world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of ajwain, including its history, culinary uses, medicinal properties, nutritional value, and more.

Ajwain’s History and Origin

Ajwain has a rich history that can be traced back to the ancient times of India and the Middle East. The spice is believed to have originated in the eastern Mediterranean region and gradually made its way to other parts of the world. In India, ajwain has been used for centuries in traditional cooking and medicinal practices.

Ajwain’s Culinary Uses

Ajwain plays a prominent role in Indian cuisine, where it is valued for its aromatic and digestive properties. It is commonly used in various dishes, such as curries, bread, snacks, and pickles. The spice has a warm and slightly bitter taste, which pairs well with other spices and enhances the overall flavor of a dish.

Ajwain in Indian Cuisine

In Indian cooking, ajwain is often used in tempering or tadka, which involves heating oil or ghee and adding spices to enhance the flavor of a dish. The tempering process releases the essential oils of ajwain, infusing the dish with its distinctive aroma. Ajwain is also a popular ingredient in bread, particularly in naan and parathas, where it adds a delightful flavor and flakiness.

Medicinal Properties of Ajwain

Ajwain possesses several medicinal properties that make it a valuable ingredient in traditional medicine. The spice is known for its digestive and respiratory benefits, among others.

Ajwain’s Digestive Benefits

Ajwain is renowned for its digestive properties and is often used as a natural remedy for various digestive issues. It helps alleviate indigestion, flatulence, and stomach-related discomfort. The active compounds in ajwain stimulate the secretion of digestive enzymes, aiding in the breakdown of food and promoting better digestion.

Ajwain’s Respiratory Benefits

The essential oils present in ajwain have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which make it beneficial for respiratory health. Ajwain is commonly used in Ayurvedic remedies for respiratory conditions such as cough, cold, and bronchitis. It is believed to help expel mucus, reduce inflammation, and provide relief from congestion.

Ajwain in Traditional Medicine

Ajwain holds a significant place in traditional medicine systems like Ayurveda, where it is used to treat various ailments. Ayurvedic practitioners consider ajwain as a powerful herb that can balance the body’s doshas (energetic principles). It is believed to have a warming effect on the body and is often used to pacify Vata and Kapha imbalances.

Ayurvedic Uses of Ajwain

In Ayurveda, ajwain is used to improve digestion, boost metabolism, relieve abdominal pain, and enhance appetite. It is also believed to have carminative properties that help alleviate bloating and gas. Additionally, ajwain is used in Ayurvedic formulations to support respiratory health and promote overall well-being.

Nutritional Value of Ajwain

Ajwain is not only a flavorful spice but also a good source of essential nutrients. It contains vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that contribute to its health-promoting properties. The spice is particularly rich in fiber, calcium, iron, and manganese.

Culinary Tips and Recipes with Ajwain

To make the most of ajwain’s flavor and aroma, it is best to use the spice judiciously. Here are a few culinary tips and recipes to incorporate ajwain into your cooking:

  1. Add a pinch of ajwain to lentil soups for an aromatic twist.
  2. Sprinkle ajwain on roasted vegetables for a unique flavor profile.
  3. Incorporate ajwain into homemade spice blends for enhanced depth.
  4. Make ajwain-infused oil by heating ajwain in oil and using it as a seasoning.
  5. Explore traditional Indian recipes like ajwaini paneer tikka or ajwain paratha for an authentic culinary experience.

Ajwain’s Potential Side Effects

While ajwain offers numerous benefits, it is essential to be mindful of potential side effects. Excessive consumption of ajwain may cause heartburn, acidity, or allergic reactions in some individuals. It is advisable to use ajwain in moderation and consult a healthcare professional if you have any underlying health conditions or concerns.

Buying and Storing Ajwain

Ajwain is readily available in most grocery stores, Indian markets, and online spice retailers. When purchasing ajwain, opt for whole seeds rather than pre-ground powder for better flavor and shelf life. Store ajwain seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Proper storage ensures that the spice retains its flavor and potency for an extended period.


Ajwain, or carom seeds, is a versatile spice that adds a distinct flavor and aroma to various dishes. Its culinary uses, coupled with its medicinal properties, have made it a staple in Indian cuisine and traditional medicine. Whether you’re looking to enhance the taste of your meals or seek natural remedies for digestive or respiratory issues, ajwain can be a valuable addition to your kitchen and wellness routine.


  1. Is ajwain the same as carom seeds?
    • Yes, ajwain and carom seeds refer to the same spice.
  2. How can ajwain be used to relieve indigestion?
    • Ajwain can be consumed after meals in the form of a simple ajwain water infusion or as a part of various dishes to aid digestion.
  3. Can ajwain help with weight loss?
    • While ajwain is not a direct weight loss remedy, it can support digestion and metabolism, which may indirectly contribute to weight management.
  4. Are there any precautions to take while using ajwain?
    • Individuals with underlying health conditions should consult a healthcare professional before incorporating ajwain into their diet. Excessive consumption should be avoided.
  5. Where can I buy ajwain seeds?
    • Ajwain seeds can be found in grocery stores, Indian markets, or purchased online from spice retailers.

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