What Is the Difference Between Conclusion and Evaluation?

In academic and professional writing, it is crucial to understand the difference between a conclusion and an evaluation. Although they both appear at the end of a piece of writing, they serve distinct purposes and require different approaches. In this article, we will delve into the disparity between conclusions and evaluations, exploring their structures, content, writing styles, and more.


When writing an article or essay, the conclusion and evaluation play important roles. The conclusion provides a final summary and interpretation of the main points, leaving a lasting impression on the reader. On the other hand, the evaluation focuses on analyzing, assessing, and critiquing the subject matter, aiming to provide an objective assessment or judgment.

Understanding the Purpose

The primary purpose of a conclusion is to bring the reader to a clear understanding of the main arguments or ideas presented in the article or essay. It serves as a concise summary that reinforces the key points, leaving a final impression on the reader’s mind. In contrast, the purpose of an evaluation is to assess the subject matter, critically analyze its strengths and weaknesses, and provide an objective judgment or assessment.

Structure and Components

A conclusion typically consists of a few sentences or paragraphs. It restates the main thesis or argument, summarizes the key points discussed, and often offers a final thought or reflection. On the other hand, an evaluation comprises several components such as an introduction, analysis of the subject matter, supporting evidence, and a conclusion based on the assessment.

Writing Style and Tone

In terms of style and tone, a conclusion should adopt a summarizing and reflective approach. It should wrap up the main ideas and leave the reader with a sense of closure. On the contrary, an evaluation demands an analytical tone, presenting evidence and logical reasoning to support the assessment. It should maintain an objective perspective and avoid personal biases.

Placement within the Text

Conclusions are typically positioned at the end of an article or essay. They serve as the final section, providing closure to the reader. Evaluations, however, can be found throughout a piece of writing, integrated within the body paragraphs or presented as a separate section. Their placement depends on the specific requirements of the writing task.

Analytical vs. Summarizing

One key distinction between conclusions and evaluations lies in their approach to information. Conclusions summarize the main points and findings, emphasizing the significance of the ideas presented. Evaluations, on the other hand, analyze the subject matter in-depth, examining its strengths, weaknesses, and overall value.

Engagement and Persuasion

A conclusion aims to engage the reader by restating the key arguments in a concise and compelling manner. It may also provide a final thought or call to action. Evaluations, however, strive to persuade the reader by presenting evidence, logical reasoning, and critical analysis. They aim to influence the audience’s perception or opinion regarding the subject matter.

Length and Content Variation

Conclusions are typically shorter in length compared to evaluations. They provide a concise summary of the main points discussed. Evaluations, on the other hand, can vary significantly in length and content. The extent of information included depends on the specific requirements of the writing task and the depth of analysis needed.

Conclusion vs. Recommendation

It is important to differentiate between a conclusion and a recommendation. While a conclusion summarizes the main points and leaves a final impression, a recommendation suggests potential actions or future steps based on the findings or assessment. They serve different purposes and should be crafted accordingly.

Examples of Conclusion and Evaluation

To provide a clearer understanding, here are two examples that demonstrate the difference between a conclusion and an evaluation.

Example of a Conclusion: “In conclusion, this study highlights the significance of environmental conservation efforts in mitigating climate change. The findings suggest that immediate action is needed to preserve our planet for future generations.”

Example of an Evaluation: “After analyzing the data collected, it is evident that the proposed marketing strategy has proven effective in increasing brand awareness and customer engagement. However, further research is required to assess its long-term sustainability and impact on sales.”

Crafting Effective Conclusions and Evaluations

To create impactful conclusions, it is essential to:

  1. Summarize the main points concisely
  2. Reinforce the key arguments or findings
  3. Leave the reader with a final thought or reflection

To develop comprehensive evaluations, consider these strategies:

  1. Analyze the subject matter objectively
  2. Support the assessment with evidence and logical reasoning
  3. Present a balanced view, addressing both strengths and weaknesses

Mistakes to Avoid

When writing conclusions, avoid these common errors:

  1. Introducing new information or ideas
  2. Repeating information already discussed
  3. Using vague or generic statements

In evaluations, watch out for these pitfalls:

  1. Allowing personal biases to influence the assessment
  2. Overlooking or underrepresenting important evidence
  3. Failing to provide a balanced analysis

Importance in Academic and Professional Writing

In academic papers, conclusions are crucial as they provide a sense of closure, summarize the main points, and reinforce the thesis or argument. Evaluations are valuable in professional reports as they offer an objective assessment of the subject matter, aiding decision-making processes and informing future actions.


In summary, the difference between a conclusion and an evaluation lies in their purpose, structure, content, and writing style. While a conclusion provides a summary and leaves a final impression, an evaluation aims to critically analyze and assess the subject matter objectively. Understanding these distinctions is vital for effective communication in academic and professional writing.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

FAQ 1: Can a conclusion include new information? No, a conclusion should not introduce new information. Its purpose is to summarize the main points discussed in the article or essay.

FAQ 2: Should an evaluation be subjective or objective? An evaluation should strive to be objective. It should present an unbiased analysis supported by evidence and logical reasoning.

FAQ 3: How can I make my conclusion more engaging? To make your conclusion more engaging, consider using rhetorical questions, vivid language, or a thought-provoking final statement.

FAQ 4: Can an evaluation be included in the introduction? While it is uncommon, an evaluation can be included in the introduction if it serves the purpose of setting the context or establishing the significance of the subject matter.

FAQ 5: What if I’m unsure about the difference between the two? If you are unsure about the difference between a conclusion and an evaluation, seek clarification from your instructor, supervisor, or consult writing resources for further guidance.

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