What are the different types of domain names?

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What are the different types of domain names?

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All domains are organized into so-called "zones":. RU,. COM, .NET,. BIZ, etc. When registering, you need to choose in which zone you want to register your domain name — this will determine the end of your domain after the dot.

There are several types of domain zones:

  • geographical (or national)locations
  • thematic areas

For example, here is a list of zones where you can register a domain with us:

ZoneZone typeMeaning
Geographical information

National domains of Russia.

The zone .РФis intended for registering Cyrillic domains: пример.рф

.SUThe Soviet Union zone was used to designate sites on the territory of the Soviet Union. Due to the collapse of the USSR, the zone lost its "geographical" and national status, but is still open for registration. The zone supports Cyrillic names: пример.su

All three zones are publicly accessible.

.COMThematic area

The zone .COM was originally intended for websites of commercial organizations (commercial). However, over time, it became so popular that it was made publicly available. The zone supports Cyrillic names: пример.com

.ORGThematic area

Similarly.COM, in the past it was intended for websites of organizations( organizations), but already of a non-commercial nature. The zone is public and supports Cyrillic names: пример.org

.NETThematic area

This zone was intended for naming network nodes (network). Public area.

.BIZThematic area

The zone .BIZ (business) was created to unload the zone .COM — as an additional option for hosting commercial websites. Public area.

.MOBIThematic area

. MOBI was created to host sites adapted for mobile devices (mobile), or just mobile versions of sites. Public area.

.PROThematic area

.PRO used to allow you to register professional-oriented websites — for example, for organizations or specialists certified in a particular field of activity. The possibility of registration was provided only after providing documents confirming certification. It has been publicly available since 2015.

.INFOThematic area

The name of the zone speaks for itself — it is used for hosting informational sites. Public area.

You can choose a zone for a domain based on different criteria. For example, so that people can immediately understand the site's focus, you can select a zone based on a semantic criterion (.INFO). Or, if this is not so important, by geographical feature or simply by consonance with the main name.

In addition to being distributed by zone, domain names are divided into levels. You can say the levels of nesting relative to the first-level domain — the domain zone:


Fourth-level domain-works similarly to a third-level domain. As well as all subsequent levels, the number of which is unlimited.

Third-level domain — a domain created for free on the basis of a second-level domain that already belongs to you. The number of third — level domains is unlimited-you can create as many as you want.

Second-level domain. Its name is determined by you during registration.

First-level domain — the domain zone, in the example. RU.

Zero-level domain-represents the root of the domain name system (root DNS server). To simplify work and memorize it, it is customary to omit it.

Although the nesting level is not limited, the total number of characters in the domain is limited to no more than 63. Such long domain names are used mainly for technical purposes, since it is quite troublesome to remember such a domain for everyday use.

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There are several different types of domain names, including:

Top-level domains (TLDs): these are the highest level of domains and include familiar TLDs such as .com, .net, and .org.

Country code top-level domains (ccTLDs): these are TLDs that are specific to a particular country, such as .uk for the United Kingdom or .jp for Japan.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs): these are TLDs that are not specific to a particular country, such as .info, .biz, and .pro.

Second-level domains: these are domains that are one level below the TLD and are typically used to represent a specific organization or entity. For example, "example" in "example.com" is a second-level domain.

Subdomains: these are domains that are subordinate to a main domain and are typically used to organize content on a website. For example, "blog" in "blog.example.com" is a subdomain.

When choosing a domain name, it is important to consider the type of domain that will be most appropriate for the website. Some TLDs, such as .com and .net, are more commonly used for business websites, while others, such as .edu and .gov, are reserved for educational and government institutions. It is also important to choose

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